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The Holy Roman Empire Constitution

The last years of the Holy Roman Empire

The Napoleonic Germany

The German Ruling Houses




Last updated: Jan 9, 2015



Bretzenheim -1804]

Karl-Theodor (+1799), Elector, Count Palatine of the Rhine and Duke of Bavaria, from his liaison with Maria-Josepha Seyfert / Seiffert (+1771) had four illegitimate children including Karl-August (+1823). Maria-Josepha Seyfert used for herself and her children the title of Countess and Count of Heydeck / Heideck.

In 1773, the Archbishop of Cologne enfeoffed Count Karl-August of Heydeck (+1823) with the Lordships of Bretzenheim and Winzenheim [22: Theil V (1826); p.515; Doc.# 276] [20: p.40] [23: p.95].

In Aug 1774, the Roman Emperor granted the title of Imperial Count of Bretzenheim to Karl-August of Heydeck (+1823) and his three sisters [8: Band 2; p.200].

In 1779, Count Karl-August of Bretzenheim (+1823) acquired the territory of Zwingenberg [3: Abtheilung II; Band II; p.248] [7: p.20] (Note 1).

In Dec 1789, the Roman Emperor granted the title of Imperial Prince of Bretzenheim to Karl-August (+1823) [8: Band 1; p.127] [9: 1834; p.80].

Bretzenheim had provided its owners the membership in the Circle Assembly of the Upper Rhine [3: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.295] [2: p.13] and in the Westphalian College of Imperial Counts of the Imperial Assembly (with the Status of Imperial Estate) [3: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.353]. The Prince of Bretzenheim was accepted to the Westphalian College of Imperial Counts (after the Archbishop of Cologne sold his rights in Bretzenheim) [9: 1834; p.80] (Note 2).

During the French revolutionary wars, the Prince of Bretzenheim lost Bretzenheim [2: p.72].

In Feb 1803, the Final Recess of the Imperial Deputation assigned the Imperial immediate territory of Lindau, which was represented in the Imperial Assembly, to the Prince of Bretzenheim [9: 1834; p.80] [7: p.100].

In April 1803, the Prince of Bretzenheim agreed to exchange Lindau for Regecz and other possessions in Hungary with the House of Austria [9: 1834; p.80] [2: p.70]. In March 1804, the House of Austria officially took over Lindau [21:Heft XXXI (1902); p.7]. Lindau, as a replacement for Bretzenheim, gave the right to vote in the Imperial Assembly and the Status of Imperial Estate.

In 1863, with the death of Prince Alfons, the House of Bretzenheim became extinct in the male line [4: tome III; p.287].

Notes.
1. According to some sources Zwingenberg was an Imperial immediate territory that belonged to the Knightly Circle of Franconia [3: Abtheilung II; Band II; p.248]. Other sources (e.g., [7: p.20]) show that Zwingenberg was under the Territorial Supremacy of the Palatinate. There was a dispute about the Territorial Supremacy over Zwingenberg between the Prince of Bretzenheim and the Prince of Leiningen, who acquired the Mosbach portion of the Rhine Palatinate in 1803 [20: p.223-234].
2. According to to some sources the Catholic group of the Westphalian College of Imperial Counts accepted the Prince of Bretzenheim in 1790 [23: p.96].




List of the Rulers

Karl-August (1768-1823) [1772-1804]




Titles

>-1803 [20: p.210]

HRE Prince of Bretzenheim;
Lord of the Lordships of Bretzenheim, Winzenheim, Zwingenberg, Weisweiler, Paland, Breitenbend, Merfeld and the united Lordships of Thanhausen;
Co-Lord of Ippesheim, Rümmelsheim, Layen;




Voices in the Imperial Circle assemblies in 1789 [3: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.295] [2: p.13]

The Upper Rhine:
- Bretzenheim;




Territorial Possessions in 1789

The Imperial Circle of the Upper Rhine:
- Bretzenheim, Winzenheim;

The Knightly Circle of the Rhine:
- Mandel [3: Abtheilung I; Band II; p.264];
- Rümmelsheim [3: Abtheilung I; Band II; p.266];

The Knightly Circle of Franconia:
- Zwingenberg [3: Abtheilung I; Band II; p.248] (see Note 1 above);




Territorial Acquisitions and Losses since 1789

- in 1794, during the French revolutionary wars, the Prince of Bretzenheim lost Bretzenheim, Winzenheim, and other Imperial immediate territories on the left bank of the Rhine [2: p.72] [3: Abtheilung II; Band I; p.329]. These losses were confirmed by the Treaty of Lunéville in Feb 1801.

- In Feb 1803, the Final Recess of the Imperial Deputation gave the Prince of Bretzenheim the territories of the former Imperial Free City of Lindau and the former Imperial immediate Abbey of Lindau [7: p.100] [3: Abtheilung II; Band I; p.238] [4: tome III; p.287].

- In Mar 1804, the Prince of Bretzenheim ceded his Imperial immediate territories in Lindau (by the agreement concluded in Apr 1803 [9: 1834; p.80] [3: Abtheilung II; Band II; p.74]) for Regecz and Soros-Patak in Hungary [21:Heft XXXI (1902); p.7] [20: p.214] [4: tome III; p.210].




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